Why Nature Is the Best Science Teacher in the Early Grades


Not sure what to do for science in the early grades? Nature may be the best answer!

A few months ago, I was sitting next to two other homeschooling moms at a big group playdate. It was a beautiful spring day and the kids were across the shallow creek from us, taking turns sliding down the muddy embankment into the water. As I watched them play, the mom next to me turned to her friend and asked if they’d decided on a science curriculum for the year. She had not.

A worried conversation ensued as neither mother had found the right program. One mom confessed that she wasn’t even sure which science they were supposed to study in each grade. Was it the year for physics? Or was it biology? Or Earth sciences or astronomy or chemistry?

Both agreed that every program they found seemed too complicated for their soon-to-be first graders who were now carefully carving “edges” to their mudslide out of the clay. Can you even teach science without using a curriculum?

The Experience of Science

What they weren’t seeing, and what we all so often miss, is that when children are deeply immersed in nature play and nature study, they are experiencing science. In fact, at least during the early grades and arguably during the bulk of the elementary years, this is exactly where science should be happening–outside, in the world of the child.

Take our children across the creek for example. Over a thirty-minute period, they learned that making the dirt embankment wet and slick by pouring buckets of water over it made it better for sliding. Then they learned that if they carved an edge into the slide, they could roll rocks and things down into the creek, and they would stay on the path they wanted them to. They learned that all the objects around them, including themselves, wanted to travel down the hill into the creek. I don’t know about you, but that looks a lot like a physics lesson to me.

Science Year

The best part is that the sciences happen all together here. You don’t have to worry about whether it’s a “biology year” or a “chemistry year.”

Falling leaves that have changed colors in the shortening days, the formation of frost crystals on blades of grass, and the scent of a nearby skunk provide lessons on chemistry.

A child tossing a maple samara into the air and watching it helicopter its way down is experiencing physics.

Noticing that the sun changes its path during different seasons is an observation in astronomy.

All around the child are plants, animals, fungi, rocks, minerals, soil, and water–lessons in biology and Earth sciences waiting in the wings.

Planting the Seed of Wonder

Combine nature study with a few great living books and you’ve got the winning recipe for elementary science. Perhaps you read A Nest is Noisy by Dianna Hutts Aston one morning before heading outside to play.

During the morning, your child finds a nest propped high in a tree and remembers learning about different nests in the book. Maybe they are inspired to take pictures, or make a drawing of the nest and want to find out what kind of bird made it when they get home. Or maybe they sit down in the grass to attempt nest-making for themselves, working for hours on making a structurally-sound one that will hold together against wind and rain.

In the rich soil of the great outdoors, the seed from the book takes hold and learning grows.

There are plenty of years ahead for in-depth, rigorous study of each branch of science in turn. But these early years are meant for watching, listening, experimenting, playing, and making connections in the wonderful world around us. For the early grades, nature fills the role of both the ideal science teacher and the perfect science classroom.

Kristina Garner

About the author

Kristina Garner is an artist, a writer, and a homeschooling mom to her two young daughters. She writes regularly on her blog Blossom and Root about nature-based homeschooling with a focus on STEAM and the arts. She also enjoys traveling, making a fantastic mess with paint, exploring the beautiful Colorado Rocky Mountains, rock climbing, and yoga.

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We absolutely love nature study in our home, however as soon as the cold weather hits it seems to get a lot harder to keep it up. The kids (OK, usually I) don’t love being out in the fierce cold for too long.  It also seems like there is just nothing to study in the winter because so much of it goes away in the colder months of the year. Nature does still live on through the winter, though! You just have to get a little more creative in how you look at it. Today I want to share with you 10 ways to study nature in the winter so you can stay motivated through the coldest months.

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